I’m glad you asked! They’re fancy-sounding, but “nootropic” is just a term for a broad range of supplements, drugs, or other substances that may have the ability to enhance cognitive function. Also referred to as smart drugs, the goal of nootropics is to improve memory and cognitive performance in otherwise healthy individuals — hence the nickname. They have also been praised for their neuroprotective benefits. In other words, they not only claim to boost brain power, but they also may protect your brain from deterioration over time.
Nootropics can be natural, synthetic, or prescription. In fact, the commonly prescribed Ritalin and Adderall are considered nootropics. There are also many synthetic options hitting the market now, but research surrounding their long-term effects is still developing. So while synthetic options like Modafinil, Adrafinil, and Piracetam can seem tempting for those struggling with severe brain fog or fatigue, in functional medicine we strive to uncover and treat the underlying cause and try natural solutions before synthetic ones. Luckily, there is also a wide range of natural nootropics — many of which you might already be familiar with — that have been used in alternative medicine for years. These natural smart drugs include herbs, like adaptogens, as well as compounds that are commonly found in healthy foods. The biggest difference between these natural nootropics and synthetic and prescription options is how quickly they take effect. So while medications and synthetic drugs offer a quicker reaction time, they also have more intense side effects and require a prescription.
In recent years, the market for nootropics has grown . Many substances have only a temporary approval or their effect has not been proven. Sometimes long-term studies on side effects are missing. There is a clear distinction between drugs and other substances. By definition, any substance that positively affects the brain’s performance is a nootropic agent if it has a neuroprotective effect and is non-toxic. In this sense, substances such as amphetamine are not among the nootropics as it is toxic. A common feature of nootropics is that they all support and enhance the neurotransmitters in the brain and their orbits. The “energy of the brain” is the adenosine triphosphate (abk. ATP), which forms the brain cells themselves from sugar and oxygen. For example, piracetam simplifies and boosts the production of ATP under a condition of lack of oxygen. It also increases the blood flow to the brain, the oxygen consumption and the sugar metabolism.
Armodafinil is a drug from the group of psychostimulants, which differs significantly in its molecular structure from the amphetamine. Indication:
Used for narcolepsy, depression, idiopathic sleepiness or narcolepsy with excessive sleep during the day.
Modafinil is an awakening accelerator used to treat disorders such as narcolepsy, shift work sleep disturbances, and daytime excessive sleepiness associated with obstructive sleep apnea. Modafinil is also widely used outside of indications as a cognitive enhancer.
Noopept is a nootropic peptide. Noopept increases the ability to learn, improves memory, while providing an impact on all phases of the process: processing, consolidation and retrieval of information. The drug prevents the development of anemia due to electric shock, the absence of a paradoxical phase of sleep, as well as the blockade of glutamatergic and central cholinergic receptor structures.
J147 CAS 1146963–51–0 is an experimental drug is used in the treatment of Alzheimer’s and dementia. An experimental drug called J147 may be a modern elixir. Studies have shown that it can effectively treat Alzheimer’s disease and reverse the aging of mice. Scientists are also ready to use the drug for human clinical trials. Recently, in a research report published in the international magazine Aging Cell , researchers from the Salk Institute unveiled the molecular mechanism by which J147 works. They found that J147 can be a protein in mitochondria. Combines to promote aging cells, mice, and fruit flies that look younger.
Phenylpiracetam is a nootropic agent that positively affects mental ability and is considered a mild stimulant.
Sunifiram is closely related to the Racetamen in its chemical structure , and shares many of its nootropic properties. It is advertised as 1000 times as strong as piracetam (gram-based), paying attention to a precise dosage, and it should not be taken with other nootropics together. It was developed mainly as a cheap alternative to Unifiram. It aims to promote memory, learning, clear thinking, concentration, motivation, vision and mood.
Bromantane is a stimulant that helps improve athletic performance. When used once a week , the body should not develop greater tolerance to it, and remain sensitive to the drug. It appears to suppress sleep-induced side effects without compromising cognitive ability. In addition, under normal circumstances (when there is no lack of sleep) it may increase alertness and work capacity. The mechanism of action of modafinil is not fully understood. It is believed to increase the concentration of various neurotransmitters in the brain. Bromantane improves performance in some cognitive areas, such as the working memory, long term memory and thinking ability. Bromantane can reduce the effects of some medications by speeding their breakdown.